The emergence of social security for the working class in Iraq 1932-2017

Dr. Kafi Salman Murad Al-Jadri

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Abstract

The working class in Iraq constitutes a large percentage, estimated at 75% of the total population. Since its establishment in 1921 until the revolution of July 14, 1958, the working class in Iraq has not taken care of its future by legislating laws that protect its rights and improve its standard of living, including social security.

Therefore, it is important to discuss the issue of the emergence of social security for the working class in Iraq through its struggle path, the sacrifices it made to obtain its rights and improve its living conditions, and freedom from the control of employers through the chapters of the research.

Chapter I deals with the circumstances in which the working class was established in Iraq under the British occupation, which took advantage of the efforts of this large social group that fled from the Nile Strip, leaving work in agriculture and moving to major cities to seek work that could improve their economic and social conditions.

As well as national positions led by strikes in the thirties against the government’s measures to increase taxes burdened by the working class, and received the attention of the Iraqi parties and support and help in the establishment of their own papers and their struggle did not stop until the revolution of July 14, 1958.

While the second chapter dealt with the most important legislation issued in Iraq for the working class after Iraq entered the League of Nations in 1932 and its accession to the International Labor Organization until the issuance of the Labor and Social Security Law No. (39) of 1971, which was a great acquired by the struggle of the working class in Iraq and Working in the private sector on social security and health insurance, and this law has been in place to this day with the making of adjustments according to the requirements of the stage.

The second chapter also highlights the period that followed 2003, and the American occupation of Iraq left the total destruction of Iraqi industry, and the cessation of major industrial projects, which led to a major setback for the working class and the elimination of its gains and return to poverty and living conditions, Social development.

While the conclusion included the main findings of the research and stand on and address.

I hope that I have succeeded in my research this … It is God’s success

 

 

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